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During the start of his work on the system, some of the project's makefiles included the name "Freax" for about half a year.

Torvalds had already considered the name "Linux", but initially dismissed it as too egotistical.

Linux also runs on embedded systems—devices whose operating system is typically built into the firmware and is highly tailored to the system.

In order to facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP server (ftp.funet.fi) of FUNET in September 1991.

Ari Lemmke, Torvalds' coworker at the Helsinki University of Technology (HUT), who was one of the volunteer administrators for the FTP server at the time, did not think that "Freax" was a good name.

Commercial use followed when Dell and IBM, followed by Hewlett-Packard, started offering Linux support to escape Microsoft's monopoly in the desktop operating system market.

Linux distributions have also become popular in the netbook market, with many devices shipping with customized Linux distributions installed, and Google releasing their own Chrome OS designed for netbooks.

Alpha, ARC, ARM, Blackfin, C6x, ETRAX CRIS, FR-V, H8/300, Hexagon, Itanium, M32R, m68k, META, Microblaze, MIPS, MN103, Nios II, Open RISC, PA-RISC, Power PC, RISC-V, s390, S core, Super H, SPARC, TILE64, Unicore32, x86, Xtensa is a name that broadly denotes a family of free and open-source software operating systems (OS) built around the Linux kernel.

Typically, Linux is packaged in a form known as a Linux distribution (or distro for short) for both desktop and server use.

By the early 1990s, many of the programs required in an operating system (such as libraries, compilers, text editors, a Unix shell, and a windowing system) were completed, although low-level elements such as device drivers, daemons, and the kernel, called GNU/Hurd, were stalled and incomplete.

Although not released until 1992, due to legal complications, development of 386BSD, from which Net BSD, Open BSD and Free BSD descended, predated that of Linux.

So, he named the project "Linux" on the server without consulting Torvalds.

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