Moreover, they were quieter than a firearm of similar caliber, had no muzzle flash, and were smokeless.
The Chicago model was sold by Sears, Roebuck for 73 cents in its catalog.
In 1928 the name of the company was changed to King Mfg. and remained so until the company was purchased by the Daisy air gun company.
It held 22 .46 caliber round balls in a tubular magazine mounted on the side of the barrel.
The butt served as the air reservoir and had a working pressure of 800 psi (55 bar).
The rifle was said to be capable of 22 aimed shots per minute and had a rifled bore of 0.452 in (11.5 mm) and a groove diameter 0.462 in (11.7 mm). Their first model air gun was called the Challenger and marketed in 1888.
One of the first commercially successful and mass-produced air guns was manufactured by the W. Their next model was the Chicago followed by the King.
Circa 1820, the Japanese inventor Kunitomo Ikkansai developed various manufacturing methods for guns, and also created an air gun based on the study of Western knowledge ("rangaku") acquired from the Dutch in Dejima.
The celebrated Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804) carried a reservoir air gun.
In terms of power modern air guns are capable of delivering high levels of energy, the recently showcased Umarex Hammer fires a .50 caliber air bullet delivering over 700 ft lbs of energy (950 Joules).
Air guns are used for hunting, pest control, recreational shooting (commonly known as plinking), and competitive sports, such as the Olympic 10 m Air Rifle and 10 m Air Pistol events.
This is the time most historians recognize as the beginning of the modern air gun.